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In the next few blog posts I intend on explaining a few key concept of Taoism – and what better place to start than with absolute nothingness, before time and space!


Everyone is familiar with the ubiquitous Taiji symbol:



In the west we often refer to it as the Yin/Yang symbol. However, in the east it is known as the Taijitu. It is a visual representation of Taiji – the dualistic Yin and Yang, which can be extrapolated to explain all phenomenon. 

If we can extrapolate everything out ad infinitum from this symbol, how about understanding what came before?

Before the duality of Yin and Yang, what was there? 

In answer to this quandary we are presented with the philosophy of Wuji.

The mother of Taiji – and represented with an empty circle:



Emptiness, void, timelessness, stillness, nothingness… according to Taoist thought, this is what existed before the Taiji. 

Some may think of it as the state before the Big Bang, prior to the creation of our universe, or where we come from and return to after life has ended, a perfect state of non-being before even the unbound potential of the Taijitu.


Wuji becomes Taiji with movement. 

There is a moment of stillness before a martial arts form begins, think of it as the state of Wuji. 

The movement of our mind, body and breath creates an interplay of left/right, up/down, front/back – the dance of Yin and Yang – the balancing of the polarities from which every principle and technique originates. 

On completion of the form, it returns to a state of Wuji, back to the unnameable void.


In this way, we can think of the form as an entity in itself. It is a life form which springs to life from nothingness and returns to nothingness upon completion, it is the manifestation of life itself, not merely something you do mechanically with your limbs and your body. 

Our movement as we perform the sequences which make up the form is the Yin and Yang – and the 10,000 things (principles/techniques) which descend from these two polarities. 


In minds which have just about managed to evolve to eat, fight, survive, procreate, and check social media regularly, the concept of nothingness is a difficult one to grasp!

However, in our practice of tai chi, before performing a form, spend a short time to appreciate Wuji – feel the mind emptying – and allow movement and the creation of energy to naturally spring from the feeling of calmness. 

Once you have completed your practice, spend a few moments in stillness and quietness as the form flickers back into the void from where it sprang.

1 responses on "Wuji"

  1. Dear writer, I thank you for your brief but very clear explanation of Wuji manifestation to Taiji and the journey back too.
    I am very interested to read more of the subsequent manifestation of the Universe and in particular eg the development of a Wuji spiritualism or attain the perfected being/ person to return to Wuji.
    Eg the understanding that each star system is a ‘ celestial Divinity ‘ to guide us to attain equal benevolence, virtuous of character to that Divinity, in the return journey to Wuji. I don’t have much knowledge especially since I am not being able to read Chinese. knowing Daoism becomes more difficult due to limited English material.
    I would be grateful if there are material that you could share. Thank you.

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